Friday, May 15, 2020

A Strategic Plan to Preserve Services and Jobs

No matter when it happens, I feel bad for anyone who is laid off or loses a job they love for any reason.  This is a particularly scary time to deal with such things.

I think it is nearly impossible for the City to produce a stable and sustainable budget for FY 2021 without at least some reduction in staff at least in terms of furloughs.  I do not envy the Mayor having to make those choices.  I have been there in the past and it is very very difficult.

To date, I have no idea what the layoff or furlough plan is.  It has not been discussed with me or any city councilor that I am aware of.  I hope it is a strategic plan, that aims to protect our employees and town operations as much as possible.  I hope both the municipal and school administrations make significant attempts to manage the personnel situation quickly and strategically with the clear goal of long-term stability fofr the organization.

I believe several points should be considered as to personnel management decisions that could help our fiscal stability immensely.

  1. We are at the point where it makes good sense to leverage the federal and state funding where it is available to stabilize our municipal government.  Many of our employees, through no fault of their own, cannot do their regular job right now.  If we furloughed these people, anyone who was making up to almost $70,000 a year would either make more money or the same money on unemployment due to the CARES act.  The City has a long list of people in this position and could save substantial money.  Money that could be used to preserve these jobs long term.  If we strategically did this we could save an awful lot of money that we could use to keep these people employed long term and not harm them financially in the interim.  I would advocate the City continue to pay the benefits of furloughed employees during the interim period, further stabilizing their experience.
  2. The City should not lay off or impact people in any manner that provide direct core services to constituents.  Police, fire, educators, trash collector, highway workers and more are the reason people pay their taxes.  We should use strategic furloughs to fill the gap, and not targeted layoffs of particular people.
  3. One area that we can gain efficiency is looking at our middle management structure.  This is an area that has greatly expanded with job creations and upgrades in the last decade.  This is hard for managers to hear and I know that.   Restructuring of this area, which would have to be permanent in this narrow area, can save significant amounts of money, and not impact services.
  4. There has been a lot of discussion about pay raises and that is always a challenge because when you lay people off you are asking others to do more.  However, I also think it is symbolic to others who have lost their jobs.  I do believe consideration should be given to reductions in pay, temporarily at least, at least for people who make above $100,000


No question these are awful decisions to make and my heart goes out to anyone impacted.  However, if we do this right, we can minimize, even eliminate, the harmful impacts to people, and actually enhance the long-term employment prospects of most of our employees.  If we do not do it right, it will have a broad-based detrimental impact.  My fingers and toes are crossed we make the right choices.  I am a little mystified by the couple layoffs that have been reported so far, as they do not seem strategic, but I suspect in time we will have a better explanation.

If we do not deal with our significant budget issues now, one thing I know for sure, is next year will be a nightmare and our very core services will be threatened.   We can adopt a well thought out plan or we can flounder through this pandemic, the choice is most assuredly ours

Monday, October 28, 2019

Constituent Update

I usually do not post my email newsletters on the website, but here is my most recent one.  If you want to get put on the mailing list for the updates, please email me at georgekingframingham@gmail.com.


Welcome to my October constituent update.  

Real Estate Tax Rate

We are back in tax rate setting season again.  The finance subcommittee had its first formal meeting with the assessor last Wednesday discussing the tax rate.  I think several important points were discussed and worthy of consideration.

There are two elements that will raise your tax bill.  The first is an overall increase in the existing total tax levy of the City from the previous year.  Namely how much more the city spends.  Last year the city council actually reduced the existing tax levy, so any increase in tax bill was from value changes.  This year we are still talking about it and hope to reduce it further, but even before any further reduction the levy is up only about .75%, so again that will provide for a relatively minimal increase to the average bill.

I will comment that I think our switch to a city, the merits of which I know are often discussed, has been a benefit in this particular process.   The levy increase over the last two years is under .5% and stabilization of the tax rate has been an articulated goal of the City Council.  The original administration proposal for the two years of City government was a combined 4.7% on the existing tax levy. (2.2% in FY 2019 and 2.5% in FY 2020).  The City Council was able to reduce the proposal by almost 90% to under .5% in the aggregate.  As stated above, we are attempting to further reduce it before the tax rate is set. This is a good example of checks and balances working for the taxpayer in a city government.

Beyond an increase in spending, resulting in the levy increasing, people often think that an increase in home values alone will raise their taxes.  This is not accurate.  For that to be accurate, your home value has to raise above the average increase. If everyone had a 15% raise in home values, and the levy limit was not increased, there would be no increase in taxes.  The tax rate per thousand would simply go down and the same amount would be collected on higher value.  

We have actually seen this occur during the last several years.  Despite our average tax bills rising, the tax rate as expressed in dollars has decreased due to the rise in property values.
What has driven individual residential tax bills in Framingham higher the last two years is not the increase in spending, but the shift in value.  Residential values have risen faster than commercial values, therefore the residential sector is becoming a bigger piece of the overall real estate tax pie.  Almost the entire tax bill increase is for this reason, namely the increase in residential value.  Since commercial growth has been much slower, most commercial tax bills will go down.

I know that is a lot of complicated information to digest, but it is important to understand what is driving our tax bills and why.  We have done a good job limiting tax levy increases, but we continue to see increases due to the value growth compared to other sectors.

More Municipal Revenue Information

The City gets its budget revenue from three major sources.  Real Estate tax, state aid and a category called “local receipts.”  When the budget is voted, the amount from each of these sources is estimated.  For the last several years Framingham has overestimated expenses and underestimated revenue when finalizing the tax rate setting process.  The result is that on the average the City has collected an average of around seven million dollars more than necessary each year.   The money goes into what is called “free cash” and it can be used to offset spending in future years, but it still reflects an overcollection of taxes in the first year.

I have been advocating that we try to make our estimates a little bit closer to the actual expenses. If we were up some years, and down others I would feel better about it.   But continuing to collect at such a substantial overage every year, six years running now, is depriving us of an opportunity to better control our tax rate.  The position we are in during this current fiscal year (FY 20) is that we are increasing the existing tax levy about $1.4 million dollars.  Given that we collected over $7,000,000 in excess revenue in the last fiscal year (FY 19), the finance subcommittee has asked the administration for a proposal that will eliminate the $1.4 million dollar increase and reduce the average tax bill increase to $100.  In other words, use the overcollection to credit this year to maintain a zero increase in the tax levy.  A small tax bill increase would still occur, but again that is totally based on the value shift discussed above.

The administration will be reporting back to us on this issue on November 4th.  I am hopeful that we can find a solution that will benefit all.  I think we can if we work together.

Eversource and Gas Leaks

An interesting issue that I heard raised during the “green” candidates forum many of us attended earlier this month, was the presences of small gas leaks in the City.  The company is aware of, but does not fix them,   as apparently, they are considered to be not dangerous. I am a runner, and as I run throughout town, I often smell pockets of natural gas at the same places and this made the reason much clearer to me.  I feel badly for people who live near such leaks.

Whether they are dangerous or not I am unsure, but it seems like both an environmental concern and a quality of life concern to me.  I brought this issue to the Eversource representatives’ attention when they attended a City Council meeting on an unrelated matter.  They stated they would provide me with the locations of said leaks.  The next day they retracted that promise and said they would provide them to the Fire Department.  To my knowledge we have yet to receive the information but I am pursuing it

If you have had a particular problem with this issue, I would be interested in hearing about the location, and what if anything has been done to resolve it.

Tax Increment Financing (TIF)

Recently the Mayor has recommended to the City Council that a tax increment financing agreement (TIF) be executed with the owners of the Bancroft Building at 59 Fountain Street. They are currently remodeling the building into apartments.  This is a creative project that very well may be a great historical reuse.

First as a bit of background a TIF is often used by a municipality to attract new business or development.  People often think it is a tax giveback.  It is not. Essentially what it does is in some manner phases in the full payment of additional tax growth as a result of the investment in the development.  The program is popular because the City never collects less money than it has been on the property and usually collects more, just not as rapidly as they would without a TIF.  It can be a very valuable tool.

The consideration of this TIF is presently under consideration by the Finance Subcommittee.  We heard a lot of opposition to it at our meeting from the public.  Committee members also expressed concern.  The largest reason for opposition is because unlike the usual use of TIF to attract a project, this project is underway already.  The motivation for the request seems to be to mitigate cost overruns in the project to date, which is a much different use of a TIF than we have seen in the past.

The outcome of this proposal is not presently known, however from the hearings to date it appears to have a difficult road.  I will say I have received more public input, virtually all negative, on this issue than any other singular issue since I became a City Council member.  The final decision is likely to come in November. If it is not approved, I truly believe it will be a matter of timing and motivation, as opposed to a rejection of TIFs as an economic development tool.


Quick Thoughts

As part of my re-election campaign I had the opportunity to do a presentation at the Callahan Senior Center.   My visit once again reiterated to me the large number of varied programs the Center has to offer to seniors, and how they do it so well with such a small budget.  In fact, the day of my presentation I got to play chair volleyball.  It was very challenging.  Another day I was at the center, I got to play BINGO.  There are many seniors who are adept at handling six bingo cards at a time.  Not me, I was limited to four and did not win at all.  I left the center a little lighter in the wallet that day!

The applications for Team Framingham, the City’s fundraising marathon team closed this past week.  The drawing will be held on November 12thto see who qualifies.  This has been a great program in recent years that allows the City to utilize a couple of dozen “numbers” it is awarded as a host community for the benefit of local charities.  Congratulations to all involved.

I went to the opening night of the Framingham History Center’s “Framingham’s Top 10” exhibit.  It is going to be on display for 20 months and is well worth the visit.  My favorite artifact is the old Shoppers World sign that was lit up for the occasion. The pinkish neon light brought back many memories to me as someone who worked at Shoppers World during high school and college.  The History Center is well worth the visit.

I have attended some great events around the City this fall, and the weather has been great.  The annual Pies on the Common last week had tremendous weather and great food.  The Humane Society craft fair, also on the Common a few weeks ago, was full of vendors and people.  I really enjoy going to these events and they are far too many to mention here, but it is a great way to enjoy the company of many in one period of time.  This upcoming weekend another great annual event is the Rotary Club annual pancake breakfast.  I hope to see you there!


As always thanks for reading these many words.  If you have any questions, comments or concerns, they are most welcome, and I would love to hear from you.  It truly helps me do my job better.

George King

Wednesday, October 9, 2019

Questions and Answers on the Issues

Sharon Machlis Gartenberg is a District 2 resident who runs her own website to serve her neighborhood at www.District2Framingham.com.  It is a great community service and she has reached out to the at large candidates with a questionnaire to post on her site.  I thought it was a good questionnaire so I decided to post most of my answers here, in addition to being featured on her site.  It hits many issue of the campaign in one relatively concise place!



Why are you running for the At-Large City Council seat?

I am running for re-election to the seat I currently hold. I believe I have a set of skills and abilities that are unique, and I can assist the council as we continue to transition to our new form of government.  The first term has not been as smooth as I may have liked, but I believe two years is not enough time to commit.  I am confident we will continue to evolve and grow to the benefit of our citizens and I want to be part of that.

What would you like to tell voters about your qualifications?

My qualifications are unique.  I made a career out of public service.  I spent over a decade in Framingham as Town Clerk and Town Manager. I then spent another decade as an assistant school superintendent and  simultaneously as a middle school principal for a good chunk of that time. I understand government and how it works from the inside out.  My role on the council is much different than my professional responsibilities, but I am able to tap the same knowledge base and apply it.

I have made a career of reshaping organizations to obtain efficiency and effectiveness.  I have the experience to see the whole picture, but I am also able to bring unique and innovative ideas to a government.  A small example is when I was Town Manager in 2004 video streaming was emerging. I envisioned a way of getting the TV video of meetings onto the internet both for people to access and also to create an archive.  It is commonplace now, but it was very new in 2004 and we were one of the first to do it.  It is was a good way of getting people involved in their government.  I think this is an example of where I am able to have a vision that is centered on doing things the best way, not the way we have always done them.

What if any are your plans to keep in touch with residents in the district -- to seek their input and communicate your votes and other activities?

As a councilor-at-large this is a challenge whereas I serve the whole city.  During my first term I have been very consistent sending out a newsletter via email every 6-8 weeks.  My mailing list has grown, and I continue to add more people.  I use the opportunity to offer insight and explanation into some of the issues.  I write in an informal manner to really try to allow people to understand what the context is.

I advocated for the inclusion of all city council meeting backup material online. If people go to the City website, they can see all the materials for our meetings, every document we have is available to the public. We need to expand this to all boards and commissions in the City, so people have access.
Bottom line is I will always be an advocate for multiple communication platforms.  I think it is important and inherent in our responsibility as councilors.

What do you think are the most important issues facing the city? What are you plans to address those?

I think there is no question maintaining Framingham as a reasonably affordable and economically diverse city is our biggest challenge. Our tax rate is higher than most and our water and sewer bills have doubled over the last decade.  There must be more thought given to expenditure of funds and the ability of the average taxpayer to foot the bill.

I believe in recent years we have not done a good job of reviewing and analyzing the underlying budgets of the City.  Instead we have added on where needs were determined to exist.  There needs to be complete review of our operation to find out such things as where we can use technology more efficiently, what services we may be able to deliver via a less expensive alternative approach and do we need the service in 2020 and beyond at all?  I firmly believe we can keep our valuable city services we all desire but do so at less of a cost.

Another critical issue is our hiring and retaining of employees. Human resource is the life blood of a municipal operation because it is so service orientated.  We seem not particularly creative in recruiting and slow in the hiring process which impacts quality service and internal growth in the long term. Our compensation plans and policies are poorly documented resulting in inequity and inefficiency.  This critical function must be looked at closer.

There are other issues to consider also. I would like us to pursue more green initiatives.  We hired a sustainability person over a year ago now, and we need to see more results. We need to improve our website and make better use of technology.  We need to be sensitive to our infrastructure needs, but not make it so that the costs are unaffordable.
These and other issues will be paramount for the next council. I believe I have the experience to offer insight and innovative ideas that will allow us to address some of these issues in a more effective manner than we have to date.

How is our city government working? What (if anything) do you believe needs improvement?

I believe on a day to day basis our city government works well. The city employs capable professionals in many areas who deliver the services of government to our residents.
I believe we can improve the functioning of the city overall, but taking a close look at operations, and determine what things we can do better and more efficiently.  The city has not really done this in the first two years of its existence as a city. Our hope was that a city would be nimble and efficient in delivery of services, allowing for lower costs and better service.  This is a goal that we must continue to pursue in a creative manner.  There are many areas were demands have changed, and the way we provide service must too.  Technology can go a long way to gaining efficiency. I will continue to advocate for such approaches.

What if any role does the City Council have to play in dealing with national political issues such as immigration and gun control?

In my opinion really very little.  I respect the fact that many of us as elected people have opinions on these issues and want to advocate our positions on the issues.  I think that is part of being a political activist and a leader.  I know I am impassioned about the opioid epidemic and that is an issue that I am active on.  But taking a position and advocating for these issues for the most part is complementary to our roles as a city councilor.  I think it is very important that we do not lose focus on our key mission of governing the city.

Traffic and transportation infrastructure are among the most pressing issues facing eastern Massachusetts. Do you have any thoughts about city government's role in dealing with traffic, transit, and pedestrian/bicyclist issues in the District 2 area specifically and Framingham in general?

Traffic is a critical problem in this city and almost everywhere. Overall, we have essentially the same roads as we have 50 years ago in terms of capacity yet many many more cars using them.  The basic problem aside, we can still do things to mitigate traffic and transportation challenges. 

More reliable public transportation is critical. The MWRTA has made some good progress in this area.  The commuter rail has to continue to improve to the point people are willing to rely on it.  If it lets people stand outside on a zero-degree morning because the train is frozen up somewhere, that is not the type of reliability that encourages growth and mitigates problems, quite the opposite.

We have done a reasonable job maintaining our roads in Framingham in recent years.  I think we can do a bit better in scheduling roadwork, so you do not hit three detours on one trip across town.  We need to continue to invest at an affordable level in our roads.
As a runner, I deal with pedestrian issues all the time, and they are challenging.  I worked hard to get a better pedestrian cycle at the dangerous Prospect St. intersection with Route 9, but there is still work to be done.  Clearly the Nobscot Square project has to move forward one way or the other, in the near future. I will support local funding for that project if we are unable to obtain a grant.  A redesign of Saxonville Square is on the agenda and needs to be done in a manner that sorts out that complex traffic pattern and makes it more pedestrian friendly.

Our charter provides for a Traffic Commission and I think the progress has been slower than I would have liked.  I hope we can energize that group and actually form a stand-alone traffic and transportation department as was the original plan.